Azathioprine alternatives

Azathioprine alternatives. by Sandra Cockles (Lacey WA USA) I dont want to take Azathioprine anymore. I have researched the medicine and am very turned off by its side effects. I would even like to try something where i dont have to take medicine at all. I hope you can give me some alternative options My daughter used to take Aza for her AIH but it affected her white cell count.She is now trying mycophenlare as an alternative. She also has omeprazole due to taking Pred to help combat stomach acid. Think there are other alternative too, hope this helps. findasolution 8 years ag Blood tests for azathioprine. Weekly bloods for six weeks, then fortnight until 3 months, then monthly until 6 months into treatment. My DD is now gave blood tests every 3 months. She has been on azathioprine for 4 years Azathioprine was then considered as an alternative treatment. A six-week course of azathioprine (150 mg/day) resolved all the biologic signs of inflammation, normalized renal function, and greatly improved ureteral obstruction. We discuss the choice of immunosuppressive drugs in the management of the disease and propose azathioprine treatment.

Alternatives to Steriods, Azathioprine & Mesalazine? Follow Posted 7 years ago, 9 users are following. katie606. Hello, I have suffered on and off with UC or the last 4-5 years, flare up's often put me in hospital and seem to range on the severe side of things. I am prescribed Steroids during flare ups and Azathioprine & Mesalazine constantly. Hi ask your consultant about an alternative. I was on Azathioprine 2 years ago for Crohns but my hair started to fall out. My consultant put me on Mercaptopurine & the hair loss stopped. Apparantly Azathioprine becomes Mercaptopurine when it's absorbed by the body so they are very similar So I want to get off of the azathioprine before I get too far into it. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated. My stats for right now. UC of the entire large colon . 100 mg - azathioprine. 4 tabs - Lialda . Alternatives. 3-6 oz mangosteen juice a day. probiotic tabs before each mea Learn about Imuran (azathioprine), potential side effects, proper use and dosing, and popular alternatives. Read reviews from GoodRx users who have taken Imuran (azathioprine) and find the latest news on the drug DMARDs include methotrexate, sulfasalazine, leflunomide (Arava®), etanercept (Enbrel®), infliximab (Remicade®), adalimumab (Humira®), certolizumab pegol (Cimzia®), golimumab (Simponi®), abatacept (Orencia®), rituximab (Rituxan®), tocilizumab (Actemra®), anakinra (Kineret®), antimalarials (e.g. Plaquenil®)

Appearance azathioprine alternative medicine disease progression of pediatric-onset azathioprine alternative medicine involvement erythematosus and level of antacid D in Male: A snoop-cohort study. J Microbiol Immunol Punch. Stopping treatment with cyclophosphamide; taking tablets of a less powerful medicine that dampens the immune system, such. Some names of the immunosuppressants are Azathioprine, Methotrexate, Cyclosporine, Cyclophosphamide, Prednisolone etc. So in this article we are going to discuss one of the commonly used drugs in IBD that is Azathioprine and its alternative in Ayurveda. Introduction. Azathioprine is an Immunosuppressive drug Azathioprine as an alternative treatment in primary hypophysitis Pituitary. 2011 Mar;14(1):16-22. doi: 10.1007/s11102-010-0252-5. Authors L Papanastasiou 1 , T Pappa, V Tsiavos, E Tseniklidi, I Androulakis, G Kontogeorgos, G Piaditis. Affiliation 1 Department of.

Azathioprine alternatives - crohns-disease-and-stress

  1. Azathioprine or its metabolites are transferred at low levels, both transplacentally and in breast milk. 8,9,10 Because of the potential for tumorigenicity shown for Azathioprine, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother
  2. Several alternative immunotherapies are available for the treatment of myasthenia gravis (see Patient care guidelines). Azathioprine also has a risk of teratogenicity and so is contraindicated.
  3. Azathioprine is a prescription medication. It comes in two forms: an oral tablet and an injectable solution. Azathioprine oral tablet is available as the brand-name drugs Imuran and Azasan. It's..
  4. Imuran (Azathioprine) Prevents rejection of a transplanted organ. CellCept (mycophenolate) is good at preventing organ transplant rejection, but you'll need regular blood tests to make sure you don't develop any serious side effects. Prevents organ rejection and relieves joint pain and inflammation. Imuran (Azathioprine) is an effective.
  5. Azathioprine as an alternative treatment in primary hypophysitis L. Papanastasiou • T. Pappa • V. Tsiavos • E. Tseniklidi • I. Androulakis • G. Kontogeorgos • G. Piaditis Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010 Abstract Primary hypophysitis (PH) is an unusual dis-order characterized by inflammatory infiltration of th

What are alternatives to azathioprine? - British Liver Trus

Azathioprine (AZA), sold under the brand name Imuran, among others, is an immunosuppressive medication. It is used in rheumatoid arthritis, granulomatosis with polyangiitis, Crohn's disease, ulcerative colitis, and systemic lupus erythematosus, and in kidney transplants to prevent rejection. It is taken by mouth or injected into a vein.. Common side effects include bone-marrow suppression and. Doctors usually prescribe Imuran for people who've tried other drugs, such as corticosteroids and aminosalicylates, that didn't help relieve their symptoms. Imuran is a brand-name version of the..

Azathioprine and mercaptopurine are immunosuppressants. The immune system is important for fighting infections, but sometimes cells in the immune system attack the body's own tissues and trigger inflammation like that in Crohn's and Colitis. Azathioprine and mercaptopurine reduce inflammation in the gut by dampening down the immune system There are various alternative agents available in the treatment of AIH (TABLE 1), including budesonide, cyclosporine, tacrolimus, MMF, the adjunct therapy allopurinol, infliximab, rituximab, and ursodeoxycholic acid. 9-18 Budesonide, a synthetic steroid, can be used as an alternative to prednisone

Before I start Azathioprine - Are there any alternatives

  1. Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) alpha blocking drugs like infliximab may provide an alternative treatment for patients who do not respond to corticosteroid or immunosuppressive drug treatment. Azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine may reduce the need for steroid treatment and their use may therefore lead to a lower incidence of steroid related side.
  2. 1 mg/kg/day IV/PO initially in single daily dose or divided q12hr; may be increased by 0.5 mg/kg/day after 6-8 weeks, then by 0.5 mg/kg/day every 4 weeks; not to exceed 2.5 mg/kg/day. Maintenance: Reduce daily dose by 0.5 mg/kg every 4 weeks until lowest effective dosage is reached. Transplantation (Off-label) Prevention of transplant rejection
  3. Azathioprine is a purine-antagonist anti-metabolite that primarily is used as an immunosuppressant in dogs. It competes with purine in the synthesis of nucleic acids. It also inhibits the synthesis of T-lymphocyte-dependent antibodies and cyclo-oxygenase. Azathioprine is absorbed from the GI tract and metabolized to mercaptopurine
  4. Azathioprine may rarely increase your risk of developing certain types of cancer (such as lymphoma, skin cancer).This risk is higher in people using azathioprine after an organ transplant and in.
  5. Azathioprine is a type of medicine called an immunosuppressant. Immunosuppressants help calm (or control) your body's immune system. This medicine helps treat inflammatory conditions such as: rheumatoid arthritis. Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. severe inflammation of the liver, skin or arteries
  6. If you have not listed this azathioprine alternative your azathioprine alternative or are not indicated why you are taking this medication, pad to your doctor. Do not drive taking this would without consulting your face. WF/L/07/184. Declaration by Terence Rodney Brabazon ( Imuran ). 1966. Item. Item. WF/L/07/185

Azathioprine. An alternative treatment for recurrent ..

Azathioprine (Imuran) Imuran is an anti-inflammatory immunosuppressive that can decrease joint damage and disability in people with lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and other conditions. In addition, Imuran has proven to clearly improve lupus affecting the liver and kidneys Moderator of r/CrohnsDisease, speaking officially. 5 points · 10 months ago. There's plenty of other options, including drugs with a very similar mechanism of action such as 6-MP. What your doctors will recommend going to next depends on a wide variety of things, so it's not really easy to comment, especially when it comes to biologic cotherapy Azathioprine was then considered as an alternative treatment. A six-week course of azathioprine (150 mg/day) resolved all the biologic signs of inflammation, normalized renal function, and greatly improved ureteral obstruction Healthy Alternatives to Imuran. When I was in the hospital one of the specialists told me that Auto-Immune diseases usually cluster in groups of three. A person with Asthma and allergies could also develop eczema. In my case it was eczema first, allergies second and finally Crohn's disease. (Crohn's Disease or Ulcerative Colitis AZATHIOPRINE. Azathioprine is a prodrug that lacks immunosuppressive effects until the liver converts it into 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP).1,2 This active metabolite highly resembles adenine and guanine, which are the purine bases that make up much of RNA and DNA. However, alternative lymphocyte-specific immunosuppressive medications are widely.

Alternatives to Steriods, Azathioprine & Mesalazine

Azathioprine alternatives - advice please Mumsne

Treatment with azathioprine as a systemic monotherapy clinically produces relevant improvement in moderate‐to‐severe alopecia areata. Generally azathioprine is a low‐cost and well‐tolerated drug and with controlled studies on larger number of patients, long‐term efficacy and safety of this treatment should be investigated The most notable adverse effects include osteoporosis, diabetes, hypertension, weight gain, cataract formation, and psychosis. 7, 8 Therefore, the topical steroid budesonide (starting at 3 × 3 mg and tapering down to 1 × 3 mg per day) in combination with azathioprine (1-2 mg/kg of body weight) should be considered as an alternative to.

I Want Off Of Azathioprine!

Azathioprine and 6mercaptopurine are both purine analogues and widely used immune-suppressants to dampen the immune response in both conditions. 66 Similarly to 5ASAs, these medications can cause. Vasculitis is a complex illness. This spectrum of conditions involving blood vessel inflammation usually has unknown causes — and symptoms can be hard to pin down Background Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is a severe autoimmune inflammatory disorder associated with considerable relapse-related disability. Immunosuppression is the mainstay of treatment but many patients do not tolerate first-line immunosuppressive agents, or experience ongoing relapses. Objective To evaluate the effectiveness and tolerability of methotrexate in aquaporin-4 antibody. Aloe vera. Aloe vera is a tropical plant used in traditional medicine throughout the world. It has been studied for its ability to relieve UC. Aloe vera gel is the mucilaginous aqueous extract of the leaf pulp of Aloe barbadensis Miller.Aloe vera juice has anti-inflammatory activity and been used by some doctors for patients with UC. It was the single most widely used herbal therapy.[

Imuran (azathioprine): Basics, Side Effects & Review

  1. Dr. Jaffe uses the anti-metabolite mycophenolate mofetil (CellCept) and azathioprine (Imuran) for conditions such as birdshot chorioretinopathy, multifocal choroiditis and panuveitis. His typical dosing is 1,000-1,500 mg b.i.d. for mycophenolate mofetil and 150 to 200 mg/day for azathioprine. He may also give Humira in combination with.
  2. xxxix The pivotal azathioprine study showed efficacy at 2 years but not at 1 year. It is likely that this varies between patients. xl A patient taking 100 mg alternate day prednisolone would take 14 months to reduce to a safe maintenance dose. xli Azathioprine is widely considered to be low risk in pregnancy and is the drug of choice in the UK.
  3. Check out the top 10 most prescribed drugs in the United States, then read on for our experts' suggestions on the best natural alternatives to treat—and prevent—illness
  4. e (Mestinon) is the usual first line treatment for MG. Prednisone: Most effective treatment for ocular MG. Minimum dosage is qod, or twice weekly, if possible. MG will recur in most MG patients if Prednisone is stopped without other immunosuppression. When relatively rapid response (months) is desired

Whenever I notice veterinarians widely prescribing a new drug I like to look at the history of that pharmaceutical. History can tell us a lot so can the money trail. I also look up the scientific research behind the drug. I read those double-blind placebo-controlled studies. The ones that Big Pharma and conventional vets use to bully the alternative medicine community Most relapses occur while on low-dose prednisolone (<10 mg/d). 4 Corticosteroid-induced toxicity occurs frequently (up to 25%), especially diabetes mellitus and myopathy, and warrants the search for alternative immunosuppressive therapies. Rare reports of treatment with azathioprine and low-dose prednisolone have been published with variable. cardiac transplant rejection prevention. systemic lupus erythematosus, an autoimmune disease. inflammation of skin and muscles all over the body. chronic inflammation of muscles in the body called. The number of relapses per 100 patients per year was 15.1 in the azathioprine group and 13.6 in the methotrexate group. Twenty-four months after randomization, relapse-free survival rates were 71. Azathioprine or its metabolites are transferred at low levels, both transplacentally and in breast milk. 17,18,19 Because of the potential for tumorigenicity shown for azathioprine, a decision should be made whether to discontinue nursing or discontinue the drug, taking into account the importance of the drug to the mother

Refractory ITPDiscoid lupus erythematosus rash treatment

Pituitary DOI 10.1007/s11102-010-0252-5 Azathioprine as an alternative treatment in primary hypophysitis L. Papanastasiou • T. Pappa • V. Tsiavos • E. Tseniklidi • I. Androulakis • G. Kontogeorgos • G. Piaditis Ó Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010 Abstract Primary hypophysitis (PH) is an unusual dis- difficult to differentiate from other space-occupying lesions. order. CONCLUSIONS: Azathioprine is an effective and safe alternative to corticosteroid therapy in the treatment of chronic Parthenium dermatitis. It is especially useful in patients with side-effects or contraindications to corticosteroid therapy Alternative therapy is the preferred strategy when the probability of dying from a severe flare without surgery is less than 0.0006, if the increased risk of lymphoma with azathioprine exceeds 9.8-fold, or if the age-adjusted increased risk of lymphoma among persons with CD is more than 4.4-fold greater than for the general population Azathioprine is usually combined with corticosteroids. In severe or unresponsive cases, cyclophosphamide can be given additionally . Anti-TNF-α agents and IFN-α are other new effective alternative agents . Methotrexate is another treatment alternative [67, 68]

Azathioprine. Azathioprine is an antimetabolite that is converted to 6-mercaptopurine in the liver and then to thioinosinic acid. The latter compound impairs purine biosynthesis and this biochemical reaction inhibits cellular proliferation and reduces natural killer cell cytotoxicity Learn about mycophenolate (CellCept), potential side effects, proper use and dosing, and popular alternatives. Read reviews from GoodRx users who have taken mycophenolate (CellCept) and find the latest news on the drug


Alternative therapy with azathioprine can result in marked improvement. It should be remembered that IgG-4 related hypophysitis is part of a multi-organ disease. Introduction. In very recent years, IgG4-related disease has been recognised as a multi organ disease . Its definition is evolving with expanding knowledge due to its greater awareness. Apriso, Asacol, Delzicol, Lialda, or Pentasa (mesalamine) and Azulfidine (sulfasalazine) are the most commonly prescribed aminosalicylates used to treat Crohn's disease. ( 2) Corticosteroids Also.

Les Hépatites Auto-Immunes | Centre Hépato-Biliaire PaulPPT - Crohn’s disease PowerPoint Presentation - ID:6614137

subject shows that azathioprine (Imuran®) is roughly as effective as methotrexate in treating sarcoidosis. It is consid-ered when there is a contraindication to methothrexate, such as renal or hepatic function impairment. The side effects of azathioprine include dyspepsia, oral ulcers, myalgia, malaise, jaundice and blurred vision Azathioprine, first used for clinical immunosuppression in 1961, is an immunosuppressant drug that prevents the body from rejecting a transplanted organ. It is typically used with other drugs after a kidney transplant, and can also be used to treat severe rheumatoid arthritis and ulcerative colitis. Pronunciation Precautions How Azathioprine Works Taking Azathioprine Dosage Common Side [ Azathioprine for dogs is a drug that suppresses the immune system, which is useful in treatment for various disorders and autoimmune diseases of the skin, blood, or other areas of the body. It is. Azathioprine for dogs is prescribed as an immunosuppressant. This drug is used to suppress the irregular cells produced by autoimmune diseases, those that cause the body to fight its own cells. While not approved by the FDA for use in dogs, azathioprine, also known as Imuran, is available through prescription by a veterinarian If the pharmacy that's willing to deliver medicines to your home doesn't have azathioprine in stock, you can ask for one of the alternative medicines for azathioprine. Alternatively, you can ask the pharmacist to recommend good options for the Azathioprine generic medicine (which is what azathioprine essentially is)

Azathioprine. Azathioprine (up to 2.5mg/kg/d) in combination with systemic steroids has a steroid sparing effect, but is associated with increased morbidity and mortality. 8 Prior measurement of thiopurine methyltransferase activity identifies those at greater risk of developing myelosuppression and also those in whom larger doses may be. Azathioprine and its metabolite 6-mercaptopurine are effective in the treatment of inflammatory bowel disease. They are mostly used for reduction of the use of steroids, maintenance therapy after remission induction by cyclosporin and treatment of fistulae in Crohn's disease. Adverse effects occur in about 15% of patients. The main side effects are pancreatitis, allergic reactions, fever and. Azathioprine 50 MG Tablet acts as an immuno-suppressant drug, which is used to treat ulcerative colitis, rheumatoid arthritis, Crohn's disease, and in kidney transplants to prevent the rejection of a new kidney.Azathioprine 50 MG Tablet is also an anti-metabolite. It works by lowering the body's immune system against the transplanted kidney

AZATHIOPRINE: A FORGOTTEN ALTERNATIVE FOR TREATMENT OF SEVERE PSORIASIS AZATHIOPRINE: A FORGOTTEN ALTERNATIVE FOR TREATMENT OF SEVERE PSORIASIS HACKER, STEVEN M.; RAMOS‐CARO, FRANCISCO A.; EORD, MICHAEL J.; FLOWERS, FRANKLIN P. 1992-12-01 00:00:00 A 60-year-old man with a 30-year history of severe psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis has been followed at Gainesville Veterans Administration. To the Editor: Chronic beryllium disease (CBD) is a chronic granulomatous disease that mainly affects the lungs. It occurs after beryllium exposure in genetically susceptible individuals with, most commonly, the HLA-DPβ1 (Glu69) polymorphism [1]. Beryllium particles are slowly washed out, causing delayed onsets of the disease and flare ups long after exposure to beryllium [2, 3] Azathioprine Cost Without Insurance - A month's worth of pills is available from wholesalers for less than $20. azathioprine cost without insurance Best Quality and EXTRA LOW PRICES, azathioprine insurance cost without. View this post on Instagram. FREE NURSING DOWNLOADS! Use test banks for nursing textbooks to get A's and B's on weekly. Find substitute medicine(s) for generic AZATHIOPRINE 50MG at Netmeds.com. Find dosages, compare prices and get up to 20% off on prescription medicines

Rheumatoid Arthritis Treatment Options Johns Hopkins

NIOSH List of Antineoplastic and Other Hazardous Drugs in Healthcare Settings, 2016 DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES Centers for Disease Control and Preventio janet02921. Was diagnosed with ulceractive colitis in December 2014 following severe food poisoning from a restaurant meal. Have been taken off the pentassa range of meds due to a severe allergice reaction. Have been told by my clinic that the only alternative is azathioprine with is an old chemotherapy drug with all the associated side effects

Maladies inflammatoires de l’intestin - Revue Médicale Suisse

The medicines doctors most often prescribe are corticosteroids—prednisone or prednisolone—with or without another medicine called azathioprine. Doctors typically start with a relatively high dose of corticosteroids and then gradually lower the dose. Your doctor will try to find the lowest dose that works for you Azathioprine: TPMT and/or NUDT15: Consider alternative therapy in poor metabolizers. Dosage reduction is recommended in intermediate metabolizers for NUDT15 or TPMT. Intermediate metabolizers. Other immunosuppressants like azathioprine (dogs) or chlorambucil (cats) can be used in severe cases or if corticosteroids cause unacceptable side effects. A new study hints at a tweak to the corticosteroid option mentioned above. Some pets are very sensitive to the adverse, systemic effects of these drugs. When receiving relatively low doses.

Azathioprine alternatives , methotrexate or azathioprin

AZATHIOPRINE Imuran Tablet Film coated3 Do not break, crush or chew3,4 May disperse in 5-10mL water, in a closed system such as an oral dispenser. Will disperse CLONIDINE Clonidine BNM Tablet Alternative route available,transdermal patch available3 Catapres May be dispersed in water4 May be halved3 Alternative route available, oral liquid for Azathioprine 6 Azelaic acid 15% (Finacea®) 9 Betamethasone drops 10 Buprenorphine (Bupeaze) 13 Colecalciferol (Stexerol D3) 13 Gaviscon Infant Sachets 10 this may offer an alternative route of administration for some patients e.g. those with enteral tubes, or where the salt content of soluble tablets may be problematic..

Curcumin, Guggul, Guduchi - Best Alternatives to

There are several groups of drugs used to treat Crohn's disease. Some of these options are used to get your symptoms under control, which is known as inducing remission.Medical therapy, also called maintaining remission or maintenance, is used to decrease the frequency of Crohn's flares.. You and your health care provider are partners in your health t. o determine Part B . or Part D coverage, except for drugs flagged with an asterisk. Clinical PA also required for drugs flagged with a PA. Part D Crossover Drug: Drugs will be covered under Part D when prescribe Costs for covered alternatives may vary. THIS DOCUMENT LIST IS EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2021 THROUGH DECEMBER 31, 2021. THIS LIST IS SUBJECT TO CHANGE. You can find more information at express-scripts.com . AUSTEDO [SP] aviane AVONEX [INJ] [SP] AVYCAZ [INJ] ayuna azacitidine [INJ] [SP] AZASITE azathioprine [SP] azathioprine sodium [INJ] [SP] AZEDRA.

Azathioprine as an alternative treatment in primary

The estimated annual incidence rate of polymyositis and dermatomyositis varies between 1.9 and 7.7 per million [ 6 - 15 ]. In a 20‐yr study of inflammatory myositis in America from 1963 to 1982, the annual incidence was 5.5 per million [ 6 ]. Interestingly, the incidence was higher (10 per million) in the last decade Thiopurines (ie, azathioprine [AZA] and mercaptopurine, also known as 6-mercaptopurine, [6-MP]) exert a glucocorticoid-sparing effect for patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) who cannot maintain remission when glucocorticoids are tapered and withdrawn. The pharmacology, dosing, laboratory monitoring, and adverse effects of thiopurines. Doctors with special expertise in sarcoidosis should manage patients who are on regular prednisone therapy or any of the following alternatives: Methotrexate, leflunomide or azathioprine : These medications, most often used in rheumatoid arthritis , have been used in place of or in addition to corticosteroids to treat pulmonary sarcoidosis and. Azathioprine (brand-name Imuran) Imuran also suppresses the production of ACh receptor antibodies. It is used an alternative to prednisone where the patient either cannot tolerate prednisone or does not respond to it. Others respond better to treatment with both drugs than to either alone Mercaptopurine is chemically very similar to azathioprine, though in the UK azathioprine is used more widely than mercaptopurine. It is used in the treatment of Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis but is also used to treat acute lymphocytic leukemia, a type of cancer that begins in the white blood cells

Behairy BEHAIRY | Medical Doctor | Menoufia UniversityState of the art – how I manage immune thrombocytopeniaLip rejuvenation for a patient with Systemic Scleroderma

An alternative treatment for BPH is a procedure known as a transurethral resection of the prostate. This widely performed one-hour operation involves slipping a tube up the urethra and removing a. The first two immunomodulators to be used widely in IBD were azathioprine (Imuran®, Azasan®) and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP, Purinethol®), drugs that are chemically quite similar. They are used to maintain remission in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. Both agents have a slow onset of action (three to six months for full effect) Although 6-MP and azathioprine are effective in the treatment of Crohn's disease, there was an unfortunate delay in the acceptance of the efficacy of these agents because of the faulty design in the National Cooperative Crohn's Disease Study.3 This trial studied three agents: steroids, sulfasalazine and azathioprine. The 17 week design. The time to rescue therapy for lupus nephritis was also longer with mycophenolate mofetil than with azathioprine (hazard ratio, 0.39; 95% CI, 0.18 to 0.87; P=0.02); the rates of rescue were 7.8%. Clinical trials have not shown clear benefits for any drug treatment of inclusion body myositis, although, in some cases, anti-inflammatory medications are used. Over-the-counter supplements may potentially be helpful, but research is needed Azathioprine, which is available as an oral formulation, is indicated for the prevention of rejection in renal transplantation.9 Azathioprine maintenance dosing is 1 to 3 mg/kg/day orally. 9 Oral.