Home

CHRPE in one eye

Ocular Features: The ocular hallmark of this disease is the presence of congenital hypertrophy or hyperplasia of the retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE). Singular lesions have little diagnostic significance and are not pathognomonic of FAP but the presence of 4 or more lesions is highly specific for the diagnosis of familial polyposis of the colon Congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium or RPE (ChlRPE or 'chirpy') is a benign condition where the pigmentary lesions may be unilateral or bilateral, solitary or multifocal, with the latter sometimes being in the form of smaller patches that are grouped together, giving the impression of animal paw prints (bear tracks) in the fundus About CHRPE A flat, pigmented spot within the outer layer of the retina at the back of the eye is called a congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE). The pigmentation of the lesion can range from a light gray to black. CHRPE is a great example of why you should get your eyes checked at least once a year CHRPE is a flat, darkly pigmented spot found in the back of your eye. It can vary in size, ranging from a few to more than 10 mm in diameter. They are composed of enlarged cells with densely packed and larger-than-normal, spherical pigment granules. Pigment gives color to your skin, hair, and eyes Congenital Hypertrophy of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium, referred to as CHRPE (chirpy), a form of freckling inside the eye has been associated with a hereditary condition known as Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) or Gardner's Syndrome. 80% of patients with FAP have CHRPE

CHRPE= congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigmented epethelium is so common, so benign that it is not a disease and nothing to worry about. You should not be concerned about it. It is not related to cancer, doesn't cause cancer. It's just a birthmark Diagnosed with a CHRPE in one eye, have a question. So, just wondering if there is anything I should look for or know about CHRPE's? I can not find many resources on them online. I asked my doc and he told me that if i have any changes in vision to let him know but that was about it. Here is a write up that may help CHRPE (congenital hypertrophy of the RPE) is also a benign pigmented ocular lesion. They are often much larger and more heavily pigmented than nevi. Despite their appearance, however, they cause no vision loss and have almost no potential to turn cancerous. Their only clinical significance is that they can rarely be confused with uveal melanoma Question: My 14-year-old son has worn glasses for nearsightedness since he was 8 years old. At his regular exam, the optician examining his eyes told me he has a CHRPE (congenital retinal pigment epithelial hypertrophy) in his right eye which is a tiny speck Background: Congenital hypertrophy of retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE) is one of its extra intestinal manifestations early in childhood seen, present in 90% of FAP population and is easy to detect

CHRPE Hereditary Ocular Disease

CHRPE is a pigmented area in the outermost retinal layer (the retinal pigment epithelium), which means that is located underneath your retinal photoreceptor cells and your blood vessels. That is why you can see your vessels run so clearly over top of the lesion in photographs Multiple areas of grouped CHRPE simulating the animal foot-print are also called bear tracks. Generally located in the peripheral but may occasionally in the peripapillary region. Fluorescein angiography demonstrates blocked choroidal fluorescence by the hypertrophied RPE and no leakage of dye. Differential diagnosis include: choroidal.

MRCP revision: November 2011

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) over the lesion showed a hyper-reflective retinal pigment epithelial (RPE) layer with thinning of the overlying neurosensory retina (Fig. 2). We also noted that Mr. Loblaw had multiple similar darkly pigmented lesions scattered throughout the posterior pole and midperiphery in both eyes (Figs. 3, 4) Congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE) is a rare benign lesion of the retina, usually asymptomatic and detected at routine eye examination. It results from a proliferation of pigmented epithelial cells, well defined, flat, does not cause visual symptoms if they do not reach the macula A typical CHRPE is a solitary, round, flat, well demarcated, hyperpigmented lesion that is present at birth. 1,2 Its color can vary from dark brown or black to gray, and lacunae can be present within the lesion. CHRPE are benign lesions that are usually discovered as an incidental finding during a routine eye exam

Having pigmented lesions on fundoscopic exams in both eyes can indicate a condition called congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE), which is completely asymptomatic. If.. Pigmented lesion located at the equator superonasally in the left eye, measuring 5 × 4 mm. There is a posterior component compatible with congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment and an anterior round nodule with retinal feeder and drainer vessels. The black nodule is surrounded by yellow intraretinal exudation. Figure 3

Congenital retinal pigment epithelial hypertrophy (CHRPE) is usually found before patients reach 30 years of age. They may enlarge with time, but are not malignant. CHPRE has been an association with Gardner's Syndrome (familial colonic polyposis). This is a case of congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium, bear-tracks. The characteristics of the congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE) variant that is related to Familial Adenomatous Polyposis (FAP) differs from benign variants of CHRPE (classic CHRPE and Grouped Pigmentation of the Retina) CHRPE associated with Gardner syndrome are usually present in both eyes, in multiple quadrants (or parts of the retina), they have a distinct, pisiform or peapod-like shape and have irregular borders. If your eye doctor suspects you may have CHRPE associated with Gardner syndrome, they may refer you for a complete gastroenterological work up CHRPE lesions were either round or oval in shape. Of 13 individuals at risk, one had a single and large CHRPE lesion in one eye. Currently he does not have polyps in the colon and he is under surveillance for colonic and upper intestinal polyps. The remaining 12 were negative for both CHRPE in the retina and polyps in the colon

The CHRPE lesions in Gardner's syndrome often show a peculiar oval shape with a fishtail-like change at one or both poles ( Figure 12.03 C, E, and F). In some cases the lesions appear to be located in close approximation to the major retinal vessels and may be associated with abnormalities in the overlying retinal vessels CHRPE represents RPE cells that are twice their normal size and contain densely packed, large melanin granules. CHRPE lesions tend to be unilateral in most cases and can be located anywhere in the retina, primarily temporally or in the periphery. Their diameter varies from approximately 2 to 6 mm, and most commonly appear jet black [

Video: Congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium

Gardner Syndrome - Retina Image Bank

CHRPE Retina Consultants of Texa

  1. Congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (also called CHRPE) is an abnormality found in the retina of the eye that looks like a freckle and causes no symptoms for the patient. While CHRPE can be seen in one eye of individuals without FAP, but it is often present in both eyes in a FAP patient
  2. Congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigmented epithelium (CHRPE) lesions are typically solitary, flat, well-demarcated, hyperpigmented lesions of the retina. They can occasionally be seen in a grouped configuration resembling the footprint of an animal, or bear tracks, as is seen in this photo. Both solitary lesions and bear tracks are benign
  3. A freckle in your eye might seem odd, but they're actually common and usually harmless. If you have one, your eye doctor may want to watch it over time. It's rare, but they can turn into a.
  4. A flat, pigmented spot within the outer layer of the retina at the back of the eye is called a congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE).It can be detected in an eye exam by your primary optometrist, ophthalmologist, or retina specialist
  5. A CHRPE is defined as an oval pigmented lesion surrounded by depigmented halo. Seventy five (63.6%) of the FAP cases and one (1.2%) of their relatives had at least one CHRPE. There was no systematic difference in the number of CHRPEs in the left and right eyes so all analyses are based on total number of CHRPEs and the findings were highly.

In a rare instance, if the CHRPE is located in the center of the retina (macula), it can cause patients to have poor vision. But if the spot is in the periphery of the retina as in most patients, it causes no vision loss, just a defect in the visual field in that area only in one eye which has no effect on the patient's functioning CHRPE and FAP: Chrpe is a retinal abnormality commonly linked with fap, an inherited predisposition to growing highly malignant polyps throughout the whole colon which will become cancerous, often at a surprisingly early age (even teens and 20's!) just having chrpe does not mean you hace colon cancer, but should suggest a check for the polyps, especially if you have GI symptoms like bleeding.

Congenital Hypertrophy of the Retinal Pigment Epitheliu

Welcome to ECronicon

CHRPE and Colon Cancer Eyecare Center of Leesbur

Location: beneath neurosensory retina (resolve very slowly) Subretinal heme - heme in space between neurosensory retina & retinal pigment epithelium (have amorphous shape due to absence of firm attachments between neurosensory retina & RPE). Sub-RPE heme - heme located between RPE and Bruch's membrane (have well-defined borders because of tight cell junctions between RPE cells) The CHRPE are generally benign, but one must watch for occasional occurrence of bilateral multifocal lesions that could be associated with Gardner's syndrome or familial adenomatous polyposis. A careful clinical examination coupled with multimodal imaging described here help differentiate the benign from the lesions pointing to colorectal cancer

CHRPE - Eye Care - MedHel

As one gets older, pockets of fluid can develop in the vitreous. When these pockets develop near the back of the eye, the vitreous can pull away from the retina and possibly tear it.Posterior vitreous detachment accounts for 3.7-11.7% of vitreous hemorrhage cases. Other cause Surgical intervention consisting of vitrectomy for ERM associated with combined hamartoma of the retina and RPE has been a subject of a debate. Out 60 patients reviewed by Schachat et al, three underwent surgery and only one improving in VA from 20/200 to 20/40. In a study by McDonald et al two patients age 44 and 26 had no improvement.

Diagnosed with a CHRPE in one eye, have a question

Differentiate CHRPE vs, basically 100% chance) Nevus = benign, In the United States, it has been estimated that approximately 2 to 10% of persons older than 50 years have at least one choroidal nevus [9].It is much more common in persons of lightly pigmented races and it appears to be equally common in men and women, disciform macular. A workup for Gardners is necessary in patients who present with multiple CHRPE lesions in one or both eyes, or with a solitary lesion in one eye and a family history of intestinal polyposis. On further questioning, our patient revealed a strong family history of Gardners syndrome. Her childrenan 18-year-old daughter and a 16-year-old soneach. This is an usual are of pigmentation in the retina, usually in one eye in one part that resembles the foot prints of a bear, hence its name. It is thought to be part of the CHRPE (Congenital Hypertrophy of the Retinal Pigment epithelium) spectrum. It just indicates an over abundance of black pigment in the retina and should not giv Pigmented lesions of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) are commonly encountered by eye care professionals in clinical practice. 1 Such lesions include congenital hypertrophy of the RPE (CHRPE), congenital grouped pigmentation of the RPE (CGP-RPE), pigmented ocular fundus lesions of familial adenomatous polyposis (POFLs), reactive hyperplasia of the RPE, RPE adenoma, hamartomas of the RPE.

Choroidal Nevus & CHRPE - Eye Center

  1. ation as an oval, black, clearly demarcated lesion within which there are atrophic areas surrounded by a halo that has no pigment. It has been associated with and has been considered.
  2. Although the likelihood of cancer may be low, he thought it would be a good idea for her to get checked out. Of course she had never discussed her family history of colon cancer with her eye doctor. Congenital Retinal Pigment Epithelial Hypertrophy (CHRPE) is the medical term for these freckles, sometimes referred to as bear tracks
  3. Choroidal nevus is a common eye condition of the retina that must be monitored annually to be sure it does not change to a choroidal melanoma, which can be lethal. 6.5% of Caucasians have a choroidal nevus. This condition must be monitored with high resolution retinal images and OCT tests
  4. Answer: Bear tracks are a form of congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE or chirpy). If CHRPE occurs in both eyes, it has been found to be associated with familial adenomatis polyposis (FAP). FAP can lead to colon cancer. This condition tends to run in families and is treatable if diagnosed early
  5. one eye at a time. Cover the left eye, and test the righ t eye first. • View the AmslerGrid 12 inches from your eye. The distance should be slightly longer than the longest side of letter-size paper (see illustration to the left). • Look directly at the dot on the center of the grid and keep your eye focused on it

CHRPE is a benign pigmented lesion that often raises suspicion for malignant choroidal melanoma. First described by Buettner in 1974, CHRPE appears as a flat, pigmented, well-demarcated lesion. CHRPE block choroidal fluorescence on fluorescein angiography. preVALence Multifocal CHRPE are fairly common and occur in about 1 per cent of the population. Solitary lesions in one eye are less common. CHRPE associated with FAP are rare and are seen in about one in 100,000 people. differentiAL diAGnosis Other pigmented lesions o Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) is a rare, inherited condition caused by a defect in the adenomatous polyposis coli (APC) gene. Most people inherit the gene from a parent. But for 25 to 30 percent of people, the genetic mutation occurs spontaneously. FAP causes extra tissue (polyps) to form in your large intestine (colon) and rectum

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) has revolutionized the field of ophthalmology since its introduction 20 years ago. Originally intended primarily for retina specialists to image the macula, it has found its role in other subspecialties that include glaucoma, cornea, and ocular oncology. In ocular oncology, OCT provides axial resolution to approximately 7 microns with cross-sectional images. It is up to your eye doctor to evaluate the lesions based on the number of them, if they are present in one or both eyes, their shape and the regularity of the lesions' borders. CHRPE associated with Gardner syndrome are usually present in both eyes, in multiple quadrants (or parts of the retina), they have a distinct, pisiform or peapod-like. Vision in the affected eye is usually normal unless the lesion involves the macula . The topographical fundus distribution of typical unifocal CHRPE has been reported by several groups [1-4, 6]. The authors of these reports all agree that typical unifocal CHRPE occurs more frequently in the fundus periphery than posteriorly Floaters happen when a part of the eye called the vitreous slowly shrinks. The vitreous is a gel-like substance that fills about 80 percent of the eye and helps it maintain a round shape. As the vitreous shrinks, it becomes stringy, and the strands that form can cast tiny shadows on the retina, the light-sensitive area at the back of the eye

Should I worry that my son has congenital retinal pigment

Congenital hypertrophy of retinal pigment epithelium

  1. Congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE) is a well-known fundus abnormality that generally occurs as an asymptomatic flat lesion at the level of the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). 1-7 It can appear as a solitary condition 1,2,8-10 or as multifocal lesions known as congenital grouped pigmentation or bear tracks. Although the solitary and the multifocal forms were.
  2. Of 13 individuals at risk, one had a single and large CHRPE lesion in one eye. Currently he does not have polyps in the colon and he is under surveillance for colonic and upper intestinal polyps. The remaining 12 were negative for both CHRPE in the retina and polyps in the colon. Response rate amongst affected individuals was 68% (17 out of 25.
  3. in 6 (46%) and multiple lesions in the same eye were found in 7 (54%) patients. CHRPE lesions were either round or oval in shape. Of 13 individuals at risk, one had a single and large CHRPE lesion in one eye. Cur-rently he does not have polyps in the colon and he is under surveillance for colonic and upper intestinal polyps
  4. Congenital hypertrophy of retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE) is one of its extra intestinal manifestations early in childhood seen, present in 90% of FAP population and is easy to detect. Snail Track: Snail-track retinal degeneration (also known as Schneckenspuren, Milky Way-like, and galaxy-like degeneration) is a vitreoretinal degeneration.
  5. The CHRPE is congenital, meaning that patients who have it are born this way. Rarely, patients who have multiple CHRPEs, and/or bilateral (both eyes) CHRPEs, or CHRPEs with certain characteristic features are found to have Gardner's Syndrome (a genetic condition also called familial adenomatous polyposis)

Retinal Photography Review: CHRPE - Eyedolatr

  1. Congenital Hypertrophy of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium or CHRPE is a spot on the retina, or back of the eye, that is normally black in color and benign. The pigmented layer of the retina is the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE). It is the cell layer just outside the neurosensory retina that nourishes retinal visual cells
  2. CHRPE is a flat, darkly pigmented spot found in the back of your eye. It can vary in size, ranging from a few to more than 10 mm in diameter. They are composed of enlarged cells with densely packed and larger-than-normal, spherical pigment granules
  3. Upon further investigation, I found that it was a CHRPE. Congenital Hypertrophy of the Retinal Pigment Epithelium or CHRPE is a spot on the retina or back of the eye, that is normally black in color and benign. The pigmented layer of the retina is the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE)
  4. CHRPE occurs in about 1% of the population. It is a proliferation of the retinal pigment epithelium associated with a hypertrophy of their melanin granules. It is said to be typical or atypical: Typical CHRPE - these may be solitary or grouped lesions which show various pigmentation patterns. These need to be clinically distinguished from melanoma
Cat Eye Injury - Information, Treatment, Prevention

Bear Tracks CHRPE Columbia Ophthalmolog

  1. Eye treatment is aimed at treating retinal complications rather than at trying to relieve the blockage itself. Macular edema, the main reason for visual loss from BRVO, is often treated with intraocular (in-the-eye) injections of anti-VEGF drugs designed to stop the growth of abnormal new blood vessels in the eye and decrease leakage
  2. Amblyopia is a brain issue that results in one lazy eye that has no vision of perceived vision in the other eye. Cross-eye and walleye treated early can prevent the development of Amblyopia. Monocular; Monocular diplopia is damage to an eye that results in the double vision seen with only the damaged eye. Monocular diplopia is the result of.
  3. Horner's Syndrome, Adie's tonic pupil or just CHRPE, the problem is Eye Dilation and / or Droopy Eyelid results eventually in Diplopia, which if not corrected through surgery to retighten the muscle or prism glasses are worn, can result in complete vision loss in one eye
  4. Your eye care professional will look to see if the choroidal nevus is raised (has thickness), orange pigment (lipofuscin), or is leaking fluid (retinal detachment). If the choroidal nevus has one or more of these findings, it is labeled a suspicious choroidal nevus that has a chance of turning into or even being a small choroidal melanoma

More Than Meets the Eye - American Academy of Ophthalmolog

ing the relative values determined for each eye. Fun- doscopy was considered positive when the individual CHRPE score was 23. Using this cutoff level, lesions of the type observable in normal subjects were consid- ered of significance only if m~ltiple.~ Identification of APC Mutation One propositus from each FAP kindred was initiall Usually no further tests are required other than eye exams with your eyes dilated in 3-6 months after first observation, then annually there after. CHRPE also occurs in a form called Bear Tracks. Bear tracks are multiple dark spots in the back of the eye that look like little bear footprints

The significance and interpretation of congenital

A 'Grizzly' Presentation - Review of Optometr

way to predict who will get them is significant. One of the best ways to predict development of the polyps is to look in the eye, since two-thirds of affected patients will have more than four black lesions of the RPE. These lesions superficially resemble CHRPE, but there are important differences in closer study. They ar CHRPE lesions were either uals in order to assess the feasibility of using it as a low round or oval in shape. Of 13 individuals at risk, one cost, non invasive screening test to detect FAP. had a single and large CHRPE lesion in one eye A retinal artery occlusion occurs when there is a blockage in one of the blood vessels that supplies blood to the eye. This blockage prevents oxygen and important nutrients from reaching the retina, the nerve layer in the back of the eye that senses light. A CHRPE is diagnosed by an eye specialist looking at the retina

This paper describes a patient suffering from FAP who exhibited CHRPE. CASE REPORT A 46-year-old male presented for optometric examination in June 1992 with symptoms of asthenopia associated with reading. He reported that closing one eye helped to relieve his symptoms. Distance vision was reported as satisfactorywithout refractive correction Primary Care Optometry News | A 36-year-old Caucasian male presented with a chief complaint of mild blur in the left eye at distance and near that improved to 20/20 with spectacle correction. The. While the prevalence of CHRPE is unknown because it usually presents asymptomatically, one study demonstrated a prevalence of 1.2% (Coleman and Barnard, 2007). Age is not a relevant factor in the development of CHRPE because it is a congenital lesion, but studies have shown a median age of diagnosis to be 45 (Shields et al., 2003) Purpose To explore the pathogenesis of peripheral reticular pigmentary degeneration (PRPD) and its clinical significance. Methods This cross-sectional, observational study (conducted between January 2010 and May 2015) enrolled 441 eyes of 229 subjects, including 35 eyes with PRPD and 406 eyes without PRPD, which was identified by ultra-wide-field fluorescein angiography (UWFA) CHRPE have yet to be elucidated. Histological studies of CHRPE lesions demonstrate an abnormal RPE, with an increase in the height of individual cells and an increase in overall RPE cell density. Additionally, RPE Figure 1. A, Color fundus photograph of the normal right eye. B, Color fundus photograph of the left eye showing a flat bi-fragmente

Pathology of the Retina | Ento Key

Eye Freckles: Causes, Symptoms, Complications, and Treatment

APC-like congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE) in non-APC patients: Evidence for autosomal dominant transmission in one family Full Record Other Related Researc The three signs that show you could go blind. By Janette Marshall. Updated: 03:54 EDT, 13 October 2009. Torn retinas could cause blindness if not caught early enough. The first warning sign was a. i have some chrpe behind one of my eyes and was told there is a link with colon cancer. i have heard and read mixed things on the subject? Answered by Dr. William A Biermann: Possible: This is a benign problem in the eye. It can be associated wi..

Acquired Tumors Arising From Congenital Hypertrophy of the

CHRPE was first recognized by Mauthner in 1868, and reported on by Jacobi, that very year. As a rule, these spots are not associated with any other fundus changes or any disease in the other parts of the eye The ICD-10 codes for diagnoses. The 16 essential codes are broken down into three sections; 10 evaluation and management (E/M) codes (992XX), 2 HCPCS S codes (S062X), and four ophthalmic visit codes (920XX). Optometry is one of the few sub-fields to have its office visit codes. Eye coding examinations make use of 920XX codes

Ectropion | Columbia Ophthalmology

Retinal Pigment Epithelial (RPE) Hypertrophy - Eye Cance

CHRPE cases demonstrated well-defined borders, a hyperreflective plexus in the superficial and DRLs (Fig. 4m, n). There were flow signals in the overlying retina on B-scan angiography overlay (Fig. • Consider Minor Eye Conditions (MECS), or • E-mail for advice at: oxon.eyes@nhs.net or • Follow guidelines of the Oxfordshire Clinical Commissioning Group • Inform the patient, advising self-care unless there are multiple CHRPE lesions in one or both eyes (see above) Eye: Findings: Ocular/systemic history

The link between colon cancer and congenital hypertrophy

On her initial examination in 2003, her visual acuity was 20/20 in the right eye and 20/20 in the left eye with myopic correction. The fundus examination of the left eye revealed a flat area of hyper-pigmentation in the inferotemporal quadrant ( Figure 1 ). The diagnosis of congenital hypertrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium (CHRPE) was made Most of the Eye Freckles will be in a beginning stage incase if you have one its very important to reach a doctor to get monitored with a frequent exams.Usually its important to visit the doctor for every 6 months to a year to know the size,shape and may clot changes of the eye freckle

Familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) leads to the growth of hundreds to thousands of non-cancerous (benign) polyps in the colon and rectum. Overtime, the polyps can become cancerous (malignant), leading to colorectal cancer at an average age of 39 years. Symptoms of FAP may include dental abnormalities, tumors of the connective tissue (desmoid tumors), and benign and malignant tumors of the. The tumour-suppressive FAP-gen was identified at the long arm of chromosome 5 (5q21). Ophthalmic funduscopy is very important. Patients with more than 3 CHRPE in one eye or a bilateral CHRPE, as well as patients with a positive family history and one unilateral solid CHRPE require further gastroenterological evaluation MUTYH-Associated Polyposis (MAP) Individuals with MUTYH-Associated Polyposis syndrome (MAP) have a high lifetime risk for colon polyps and colon cancer. There are usually tens to hundreds of polyps found in the large intestine, but some people may develop colon cancer without polyps. Pathogenic (or harmful) variants in the MUTYH gene cause MAP

‘Freckles’ on his retina prompts a man to get himself

If >4 CHRPE lesions in ONE EYE; risk factor for? FAP (familial colonic adenomatous polyposis) ***Make sure to refer for colonoscopy monitoring. What is difference between RPE hyperPLASIA and RPE hyperTROPHY? RPE Hyperplasia = Acquired!! RPE Hypertrophy= congential Attach a 1 in × 1 in (2.5 cm × 2.5 cm) target, such as a sticker or magazine cutout, to the end of a ruler. Hold the ruler out at arm's length in front of you so the target is at eye-level. Slowly bring the target closer to your nose until you start seeing double. Try to focus on the target so you only see one image

POSTERIOR SEG- Lesions of retina and choroid flashcards